These are pretty formulaic and predictable, and the endings are very happy, but these are also teen books, so I can't complain. Teens and children should have happy endings. They get otherwise in everything else.I find myself wanting to read this author in a more adult forum. I would like these books beefed up, darker and for an adult audience. So, John Flanagan, that is your next assignment. Write a novel of this world for adults.